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Research Papers

Household Cooking Range Tipover Accident Reconstruction Case Study

[+] Author and Article Information
Dennis B. Brickman

Engineering Systems Inc.,
4215 Campus Drive, Aurora, IL 60504
e-mail: dbbrickman@esi-il.com

Steven A. Sanders

Engineering Systems Inc.,
923-A E. Terra Lane, O’Fallon, MO 63366
e-mail: sasanders@esi-mo.com

Manuscript received March 5, 2015; final manuscript received June 24, 2015; published online January 4, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Chimba Mkandawire.

ASME J. Risk Uncertainty Part B 2(2), 021004 (Jan 04, 2016) (7 pages) Paper No: RISK-15-1035; doi: 10.1115/1.4030949 History: Received March 05, 2015; Accepted June 29, 2015

A safety engineering accident investigation was conducted to analyze the circumstances surrounding an unwitnessed household child fatality allegedly associated with a cooking-range tipover. An accident reconstruction utilizing child dummies was performed to address various cooking-range tipover scenarios. Unlike previous research, the present test program uses a novel approach with an actual cooking range to evaluate child interaction during a tipover scenario. Results of the accident reconstruction case study indicate that the child’s death is inconsistent with a cooking-range tipover event. The results presented in this paper make a significant contribution to the technical literature concerning the safety analysis of cooking-range tipover events involving children through the utilization of child dummies. Caution should be used to generalize the results presented in this case study to the entire population, because any similar future situation must be analyzed on a case-by-case basis.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Static test load of 75 pounds (34 kg) uniformly applied to open oven door

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Fig. 2

Static test load of 65 pounds (29.5 kg) applied to front of cook top

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Fig. 3

Standing child dummies positioned at rear of open oven door without range tipover

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Fig. 4

Standing child dummies positioned at front and rear of open oven door without range tipover

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Fig. 5

Unrestrained range tipover sequence (frames A–D) with standing child dummies positioned at rear of open oven door

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Fig. 6

Final position after restrained range tipover with standing child dummies positioned at rear of open oven door

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Fig. 7

Flexible gas line damage at gas supply connection after restrained range tipover

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Fig. 8

Flexible gas line damage at top rear of range after restrained range tipover

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Fig. 9

Comparison of flexible gas lines

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