0
Research Papers

Resilient and Robust Control of Time-Delay Wind Energy Conversion Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Xin Wang

Assistant Professor,
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
Southern Illinois University,
Edwardsville, IL 62026
e-mail: xwang@siue.edu

Mohammed Jamal Alden

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
Southern Illinois University,
Edwardsville, IL 62026
e-mail: mjamala@siue.edu

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received February 25, 2016; final manuscript received September 6, 2016; published online November 21, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Konstantin Zuev.

ASME J. Risk Uncertainty Part B 3(1), 011005 (Nov 21, 2016) (8 pages) Paper No: RISK-16-1070; doi: 10.1115/1.4034661 History: Received February 25, 2016; Accepted September 06, 2016

Wind energy is the fastest growing and the most promising renewable energy resource. High efficiency and reliability are required for wind energy conversion systems (WECSs) to be competitive within the energy market. Difficulties in achieving the maximum level of efficiency in power extraction from the available wind energy resources warrant the collective attention of control and power system engineers. A strong movement toward sustainable energy resources and advances in control system methodologies make previously unattainable levels of efficiency possible. In this paper, we design a general resilient and robust control framework for a time-delay variable speed permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)-based WECS. A linear matrix inequality-based control approach is developed to accommodate the unstructured model uncertainties, L2 type of external disturbances, and time delays in input and state feedback variables. Computer simulation results have shown the efficacy of the proposed approach of achieving asymptotic stability and H performance objectives.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Sanchez, A. G., Molina, M. G., and Rizzato Lede, A. M., 2012, “Dynamic Model of Wind Energy Conversion Systems with PMSG-Based Variable-Speed Wind Turbines for Power System Studies,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 37(13), pp. 10064–10069. [CrossRef]
Sajedi, S., Jafari Rezabeyglo, H., Noruzi, A., Khalifeh, F., Karimi, T., and Khalifeh, Z., 2012, “Modeling and Application of PMSG Based Variable Speed Wind Generation System,” Res. J. Appl. Sci. Eng. Technol., 4(7), pp. 729–734.
Errami, Y., Maaroufi, M., and Ouassaid, M., 2011, “Modeling and Control Strategy of PMSG Based Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion System,” International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems, IEEE, Ouarzazate, Morocco, pp. 1–6.
Shariatpanah, H., Fadaeinedjad, R., and Rashidinejad, M., 2013, “A New Model for PMSG-Based Wind Turbine with Yaw Control,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 28(4), pp. 929–937. [CrossRef]
Kim, H. W., Kim, S. S., and Ko, H. S., 2010, “Multi Machine Power System Excitation Control Design via Theories of Feedback Linearization Control and Nonlinear Robust Control,” Electric Power Syst. Res., 80(1), pp. 46–52. [CrossRef]
Wang, W., Wu, D., Wang, Y., and Ji, Z., 2010, “H∞ Gain Scheduling Control of PMSG-Based Wind Power Conversion System,” 5th IEEE Conference on industrial Electronics and Applications, IEEE, Ouarzazate, Morocco, pp. 712–717.
Li, S., Haskew, T. A., and Xu, L., 2010, “Conventional and Novel Control Designs for Direct Driven PMSG Wind Turbines,” Electric Power Syst. Res., 80(3), pp. 328–338. [CrossRef]
Howlader, A. M., Urasaki, N., Yona, A., Senjyu, T., and Saber, A. Y., 2012, “A New Robust Controller Approach for a Wind Energy Conversion System under High Turbulence Wind Velocity,” 7th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, IEEE, Singapore, pp. 860–865.
Zu, H., Zhang, G.-B., Fei, S., Wei, Z., and Zhu, H., 2011, “A Comparison Study of Advanced State Observer Design Techniques,” 30th Chinese Control Conference, IEEE, Yantai, China, pp. 2368–2373.
Ciampichetti, S., Corradini, M. L., Ippoliti, G., and Orlando, G., 2011, “Sliding Mode Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators for Wind Turbines,” 37th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IEEE, Melbourne, Australia, pp. 740–745.
Munteanu, I., Bratcu, A. I., Cutululis, N. A., and Ceanga, E., 2008, Optimal Control of Wind Energy Systems: Towards a Global Approach, Springer, London.
Mahmoud, M. S., and Zribi, M., 1999, “H∞ -Controllers for Time-Delay Systems Using Linear Matrix Inequalities,” J. Optimiz. Theory Appl., 100(1), pp. 89–122. [CrossRef]
Wang, X., Yaz, E. E., and Long, J., 2014, “Robust and Resilient State-Dependent Control of Continuous-Time Nonlinear Systems with General Performance Criteria,” Syst. Sci. Control Eng., 2(1), pp. 34–40. [CrossRef]
Scorletti, G., and Fromion, V., 1998, “A Unified Approach to Time-Delay System Control: Robust and Gain-Scheduled,” 1998 American Control Conference, IEEE, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 2391–2395.
Mittal, R., Sandhu, K. S., and Jain, D. K., 2012. “Ride-Through Capability of Grid Interfaced Variable Speed PMSG Based WECS,” IEEE 5th Power India Conference, IEEE, Murthal, India, pp. 1–6.
Uehara, A., et al. , 2011. “A Coordinated Control Method to Smooth Wind Power Fluctuations of a PMSG-Based WECS,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 26(2), pp. 550–558. [CrossRef]
Mesbahi, T., Ghennam, T., and Berkouk, E. M., 2011, “Control of a Wind Energy Conversion System with Active Filtering Function,” International Conference on Power Engineering, Energy and Electrical Drives, IEEE, Malaga, Spain, pp. 1–6.
Dalala, Z. M., Zahid, Z. U., and Lai, J. S., 2013. “New Overall Control Strategy for Small-Scale WECS in MPPT and Stall Regions with Mode Transfer Control,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 28(4), pp. 1082–1092. [CrossRef]
Muhando, E. B., Senjyu, T., Uehara, A., and Funabashi, T., 2011. “Gain-Scheduled H∞ Control for WECS via LMI Techniques and Parametrically Dependent Feedback Part I: Model Development Fundamentals,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 58(1), pp. 48–56. [CrossRef]
Muhando, B. E., and Wies, R. W., 2011, “Nonlinear H∞ Constrained Feedback Control for Grid-Interactive WECS under High Stochasticity,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 26(4), pp. 1000–1009. [CrossRef]
Jamal Alden, M., and Wang, X., 2015, “Robust H∞ Control of Time Delayed Power Systems,” International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, ASME, New York, pp. 1–8.
Bianchi, F. D., De Battista, H., and Mantz, R. J., 2006, Wind Turbine Control Systems: Principles, Modelling and Gain Scheduling Design, Springer, Berlin, Germany.
El Mokadem, M., Courtecuisse, V., Saudemont, C., Robyns, B., and Deuse, J., 2009. “Experimental Study of Variable Speed Wind Generator Contribution to Primary Frequency Control,” Renewable Energy, 34(3), pp. 833–844. 0960-1481 [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Model of actuator disk interaction with wind

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Simplified diagram of a PMSG-WECS

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Cp power coefficient versus tip speed versus pitch angle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Cq torque coefficient versus tip speed versus pitch angle

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

State trajectory of d axis current

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

State trajectory of q axis current

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

State trajectory of rotational speed

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Control input signals

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Articles from Part A: Civil Engineering
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In