Technical Brief

Experimental Time-domain Vibration Based Fault Diagnosis of Centrifugal Pumps using SVM

[+] Author and Article Information
Shruti Rapur Janani

Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, INDIA

Rajiv Tiwari

ASME Member Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, INDIA

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4035440 History: Received May 26, 2016; Revised November 24, 2016


When the hydraulic flow path is incompatible with the physical contours of the centrifugal pump (CP), flow instabilities occur. A prolonged operation in the flow-instability region may result in severe damages of the CP system. Hence, two of the major causes of flow instabilities such as the suction blockage (with five levels of increasing severity) and impeller defects are studied in the present work. Thereafter, an attempt is made to classify these faults and differentiate the physics behind the flow instabilities caused due to them. The tri-axial CP vibration data in time domain is employed for the fault classification. Multi-distinct and multi-coexisting fault classifications have been performed with different combinations of these faults using support vector machine (SVM) algorithm with radial basis function (RBF) kernel. Prediction results from the experiments and the developed methodology help to, segregate the faults into appropriate class, identify the severity of the suction blockage, and substantiate the practical applicability of this study.

Copyright (c) 2016 by ASME
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