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Research Papers

Improving the Resilience of Energy Flow Exchanges in Eco-Industrial Parks: Optimization Under Uncertainty

[+] Author and Article Information
Hamid Afshari

Mem. ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Manitoba,
EITC, 75A Chancellors Circle,
Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V6, Canada
e-mail: afsharih@myumanitoba.ca

Romain Farel

PS2E Research and Education Institute,
Les Loges-en-Josas 78354, France
e-mail: Romain.Farel@institut-ps2e.com

Qingjin Peng

Mem. ASME
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Manitoba,
EITC, 75A Chancellors Circle,
Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V6, Canada
e-mail: Qingjin.Peng@Umanitoba.ca

1Corresponding author.

Manuscript received September 14, 2016; final manuscript received December 20, 2016; published online February 27, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Konstantin Zuev.

ASME J. Risk Uncertainty Part B 3(2), 021002 (Feb 27, 2017) (11 pages) Paper No: RISK-16-1120; doi: 10.1115/1.4035729 History: Received September 14, 2016; Revised December 20, 2016

Eco-Industrial parks (EIPs) and industrial symbioses (IS) provide cost-effective and environmental friendly solutions for industries. They bring benefits from industrial plants to industrial parks and neighborhood areas. The exchange of materials, water, and energy is the goal of IS to reduce wastes, by-products, and energy consumption among a cluster of industries. However, although the IS design looks for the best set of flow exchanges among industries at a network level, the lack of access to accurate data challenges the optimal design of a new EIP. IS solutions face uncertainties. Considering the huge cost and long establishment time of IS, the existing studies cannot provide a robust model to investigate effects of uncertainty on the optimal symbioses design. This paper introduces a framework to investigate uncertainties in the EIP design. A multi-objective model is proposed to decide the optimal network of symbiotic exchanges among firms. The model minimizes the costs of multiple product exchanges and environmental impacts of flow exchanges. Moreover, this paper integrates the analysis of uncertainties effects on synergies into the modeling process. The presented models are depicted through optimizing energy synergies of an industrial zone in France. The efficiency of single and multiple objective models is analyzed for the effects of the identified uncertainties. In addition, the presented deterministic and robust models are compared to investigate how the uncertainties affect the performance and configuration of an optimal network. It is believed that the models could improve an EIP's resilience under uncertainties.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic view of industrial symbioses

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Fig. 2

Steps for the optimal design of industrial symbioses under uncertainty

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Fig. 3

Framework for optimization of energy symbioses under uncertainty

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Fig. 4

Proposed solution approach

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Fig. 5

Optimized symbioses networks using (a) the minimization of environmental impacts and (b) the minimization of the total cost, and the multi-objective model

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Fig. 6

Comparing effects of the demand uncertainty on optimized flow exchanges in the multi-objective model

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Fig. 7

Comparing effects of the supply uncertainty on optimized flow exchanges in the multi-objective model

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Fig. 8

Comparing effects of the uncertainty in supply prices and tax on carbon on optimized flow exchanges in the multi-objective model

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