The results of an extensive experimental research work related to the performance of a HAWT with a tip-mounted Mie type vane are presented in this paper. From performance experiments carried out on four sets of blades with varying aspect ratios and for different Reynolds number, it was found that the application of a tip-mounted Mie vane resulted in a larger increase in maximum power coefficient for rotors with smaller aspect ratio and for lower Reynolds number. To investigate further the phenomenon and to explain the relationships found between power increase due to a Mie vane and blade aspect ratios and Reynolds number, detailed flow visualization around blade tip and the Mie vane were performed. It was found that the tendency of the power increase due to a Mie vane was dependent on the size of a corner vortex between blade tip and the downstream extension of the Mie vane.
Detailed Flow Analysis Around Blade Tip With a Mie Vane in Case of Different Blade Aspect Ratios and Different Reynolds Numbers
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Shimizu, Y, Ismaili, E, Kamada, Y, & Maeda, T. "Detailed Flow Analysis Around Blade Tip With a Mie Vane in Case of Different Blade Aspect Ratios and Different Reynolds Numbers." Proceedings of the ASME/JSME 2003 4th Joint Fluids Summer Engineering Conference. Volume 1: Fora, Parts A, B, C, and D. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. July 6–10, 2003. pp. 2599-2606. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2003-45367
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