In polar spring, tropospheric ozone depletion is related to the presence of halogen oxide concentrations in the atmospheric boundary layer. Halogen oxides such as BrO participate in an autocatalytic chemical reaction cycle, leading to the release of Br2 and BrCl from the fresh sea ice. The paper presents the identification of a detailed chemical reaction mechanism for the ozone depletion event, where bromine plays the major role. The heterogeneous reactions in the chemical reaction mechanism are studied in detail, and a sensitivity analysis is performed to identify the importance of each reaction in the mechanism. A skeletal reaction scheme is identified on the basis of the sensitivity analysis,. This skeletal chemical reaction mechanism then is used in a 3-D large eddy simulation (LES) with the Smagorinsky sub-grid model. The configuration studied includes a mountain located at the ground above which the ozone depletion is studied. In this situation, the height of the boundary layer varies, which greatly affects the ozone depletion event.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Modeling and Simulation of Tropospheric Ozone Depletion in the Polar Spring
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Cao, L, & Gutheil, E. "Modeling and Simulation of Tropospheric Ozone Depletion in the Polar Spring." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1C, Symposia: Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Issues and Perspectives in Automotive Flows; Gas-Solid Flows: Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Clayton T. Crowe; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes. Chicago, Illinois, USA. August 3–7, 2014. V01CT16A019. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2014-22045
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