Cooling technologies have been widely applied to protect the turbine blades at high inlet temperature, which also makes the aero-thermal coupled phenomenon more remarkable. Nevertheless, the aero-thermal phenomenon had not been considered in traditional throughflow methods and led to challenges of cooled turbine design. This paper proposes a new cooling model for the aero-thermal coupled throughflow method which was first proposed by the same author. The cooling model considers the variation of the temperature caused by air cooling both along the stream and span direction to improve the heat flux calculation accuracy. The impacts of heat transfer on mainstream enthalpy and entropy are further studied in this paper. The equivalent blade thickness and the estimation method of the heat exchange area were also introduced into the cooling model. The cooling model is validated with experimental data of the Mark II profile. This paper applies the method in the design of a high-pressure axial turbine, of which the first stator is cooled with convective cooling. With the prescribed blade temperature limitation, the flow field properties and the coolant requirement are predicted. The three dimensional CHT analysis is performed to validate the aerothermal coupled throughflow method, and the aerodynamic parameter predicted by the throughflow method is in accordance with the 3-D CHT analysis.
An Aero-Thermal Coupled Throughflow Method for Convective Cooled Turbines
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Gu, C, Li, H, Ba, W, & Ren, X. "An Aero-Thermal Coupled Throughflow Method for Convective Cooled Turbines." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2C: Turbomachinery. Seoul, South Korea. June 13–17, 2016. V02CT39A021. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2016-56563
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