In low-pressure steam turbines, aerodynamic and structural design of the last stage blades is critical in determining the power plant efficiency. The development of longer last stage blades which are recently over 1 meter in length is an important task for steam turbine manufactures. The design process involves a flutter analysis of last stage blade tip sections where increased unsteady aerodynamic forces and moments might endanger the blade aerodynamic stability. However, numerical design tools must be validated using measurements in test facilities under various operating conditions. In this work, ANSYS CFX is used for flutter prediction of turbine blade tip sections oscillating in a travelling wave mode. Simulations are compared to experimental results obtained from controlled flutter tests in a wind tunnel with a linear cascade of eight turbine blade profiles made of carbon fibre. Central four blades are flexibly mounted each with two degrees of freedom (i.e. bending and torsion motions). Large deflections of thin blade profiles are accounted for the estimation of unsteady aerodynamic forces and moments. A satisfactory agreement between the simulations and experiments is achieved.
The Validation of Flutter Prediction in a Linear Cascade of Non-Rigid Turbine Blades
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Slama, V, Rudas, B, Ira, J, Macalka, A, Eret, P, & Tsymbalyuk, V. "The Validation of Flutter Prediction in a Linear Cascade of Non-Rigid Turbine Blades." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 7C: Structures and Dynamics. Oslo, Norway. June 11–15, 2018. V07CT36A010. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2018-75502
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