This paper deals with the design of passive control devices for reducing the impact of secondary flows on the aerodynamics of low-pressure turbine (LPT) stages. A novel kind of device is introduced which consists of shelf-like fences to be added to the blade surface. Such a device is intended to contrast the development of secondary flows, thus reducing losses and flow turning deviation with respect to the straight blade.
In this second part, an experimental campaign on a linear cascade is presented which is aimed at proving the beneficial impact of the blade fences. Experiments were carried out on a low-speed test-rig, equipped with a large scale blade representative of the stators of the engine-like environment considered in part I. Measurements are mainly focused on the stator losses and on the flow field at the stator exit. The performance of the blade fences was evaluated by comparing the straight cascade and the fenced ones. The measurements highlighted the impact of the blade fences on the development of the secondary flows, affecting both the stator losses and the non-uniformity of the flow field over the exit plane, which, in the actual stage environment, impacts the operation of the downstream blade row. Moreover, the comparison between CFD and experiments proved the accuracy of the CFD setup, thus suggesting its reliability in predicting the stage performance in the engine-like configuration.