Development of lean-premixed combustion technology with low emissions and stable operation in an increasingly wide range of operating conditions requires a deep understanding of the mechanisms that affect the combustion performance or even the operability of the entire gas turbine.

Due to the relative wide range of natural gas composition supplies and the increased demand from Oil&Gas customers to burn unprocessed gas as well as LNG with notable higher hydrocarbons (C2+) content; the impact on gas turbine operability and combustion related aspects has been matter of several studies.

In this paper, results of experimental test campaign of an annular combustor for heavy-duty gas turbine are presented with focus on the effect of fuel composition on both emissions and flame stability.

Test campaign involved two different facilities, a full annular combustor rig and a full-scale prototype engine fed with different fuel mixtures of natural gas with small to moderate C2H6 content. Emissions trends and blowout for several operating conditions and burner configurations have been analyzed.

Modifications to the burner geometry and fuel injection optimization have shown to be able to reach a good trade-off while keeping low NOx emissions in stable operating conditions for varying fuel composition.

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