CFD simulation based on steady RANS were performed to assess the usefulness of adding a pair of “downstream” vortex generators (VGs) to improve the effectiveness of film cooling a flat plate through one row of inclined holes. Each VG in the pair is a rectangular plate with span S, chord C, and thickness t that is oriented at +45 or −45 degrees with respect to a plane that passes through the center of the film-cooling hole and placed at a distance D downstream of the hole, where D is the hole diameter. The separation between the VGs in the pair is smallest at their leading edges (0.72D) so that the VGs form a V-shape. Parameters studied include: S/D = 0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0; C/D = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4; and blowing ratios of BR = 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. Results obtained show “downstream” VGs can significantly increase lateral spreading of the film-cooling jet and thereby greatly improve film-cooling effectiveness. Results obtained also show the effects of S/D, C/D, and BR on adiabatic effectiveness, pressure loss, and vortical structures formed.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.