Fundamental experiments are performed in the NASA Lewis Research Center Transonic Oscillating Cascade Facility to investigate and quantify the aerodynamics of a cascade of biconvex airfoils executing torsion mode oscillations at realistic reduced frequency values. Both steady and unsteady airfoil surface pressures are measured at two inlet Mach numbers, 0.65 and 0.80, and two incidence angles, 0 and 7 degrees, with the harmonic torsional airfoil cascade oscillations at realistic high reduced frequency and unsteady data obtained at several interblade phase angle values. The time-variant pressures are analyzed by means of discrete Fourier transform techniques, with these unique data compared with predictions from a linearized unsteady cascade model. The experimental results indicate that the interblade phase angle has a major effect on the chordwise distributions of the airfoil surface unsteady pressure, with the effects of reduced frequency, incidence angle, and Mach number somewhat less significant.

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