The catalytic indirectly heated gasification of bagasse was investigated in this study. The quality of the gaseous fuel was assessed using the total energy analysis of the gas, in which both heat content and total yields of the gas produced from the gasification of bagasse are analyzed at temperatures ranging from 700 to 1000°C. Untreated bagasse gasification was used as a baseline for the investigation of the effect of catalysts on the gasification process. The total energy analysis showed a significant improvement of gas quality due to increase of temperature and due to the use of alumina-zinc based catalysts at temperatures below 900°C. The presence of these catalysts in the gasification process affected the quality of the gases formed, mainly by increasing the hydrogen production, reduction of the gas dilution by carbon dioxide and a slightly higher production of carbon monoxide. Above 900°C, temperature dominates the gasification reaction mechanisms causing the catalysts to have little or no significant effect. Thermal cracking of tar is of major importance on the gasification process, as the tar yields reduce from 42.1 to 24.7% of the bagasse original weight with the increase of the gasifier temperature from 700 to 1000°C. However, the solid residue reduced only from 16 to 13.3%. Hence, the increase in the gaseous yields at high temperature appeared to be due to the gasification of tar with some contribution from secondary reactions involving char. The result was the production of a medium heat content gaseous fuel.

This content is only available via PDF.