Bubble carry-under into the water pool was examined. In experiments, a water jet from a nozzle of 5 mm in diameter plunged into the water pool. The distance between the nozzle outlet and the pool surface was 246 mm. Flow behavior in the water pool and also the state of the water jet surface were recorded with a high speed video camera. Following conclusions were obtained. When the flow rate of the water jet was small, the water jet disintegrated into small drops on the way from the nozzle outlet to the pool surface. The wave appearing position moved downward as the flow rate was increased. When the wave length reached the Kelvin-Helmholtz critical wave length, the water jet disintegrated into drops. When flow rate of the water jet was increased, the surface of the water jet became smooth and no perturbation was observed. The carry-under was not observed in this situation. When the flow rate of the water jet was further increased, large waves came to appear on the water jet surface. The wave appearing position moved upward as the flow rate was increased. Even if the wave length on the water jet reached the Kelvin-Helmholtz critical wave length, the water jet did not disintegrate into drops and the water jet plunges into the pool with large waves on the water jet. The penetration depth in this case was deep and the volume of the bubble carry-under was large compared with the case that the water jet disintegrated into drops.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Image Analysis of Carry-Under by Falling Liquid Flow
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Ohtsuka, T, Haraguchi, N, Ohtake, H, & Koizumi, Y. "Image Analysis of Carry-Under by Falling Liquid Flow." Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Volume 2. Xi’an, China. May 17–21, 2010. pp. 645-649. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE18-29631
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