China Fusion Engineering Test Reactor (CFETR) is a test tokamak reactor being designed in China to bridge the gap between ITER and future fusion power plant. As one of the candidates, a water-cooled solid breeder blanket based on PWR (pressurized water reactor) and SCWR (super-critical water reactor) water conditions were proposed. In the concept, multiplying layers separated by three breeding layers were designed and optimized for higher Tritium Breeding Ratio (TBR) and uniform heat distribution. This blanket uses the Li2TiO3 lithium ceramic pebbles as the breeder, while beryllium pebbles as the neutron multiplier. In this paper, the thermal and fluid dynamic analyses of the optimized blanket on both water conditions were performed by numerical simulation, to discuss thermo-hydraulic performance of the blanket using pressurized water/supercritical water as its coolant. The nuclear heating distribution was obtained from the neutronics calculations by MCNP. The thermal hydraulic behaviors of the first wall (FW), structure material, Li2TiO3 pebble bed and Beryllium pebble bed under normal condition were calculated, respectively. It was found that the temperature on the blanket can be effectively cooled on both water conditions, certified the feasibility of the blanket design with pressurized/supercritical water cooling scheme. It indicated that SCWR case had smaller safety margin than PWR case, but SCWR case would lead higher outlet temperature, thermal conductivity and heat exchange efficiency also. In addition, it was found that beryllium was the dominant factor leading a higher TBR. The results would be important to water condition choice for solid blanket in the future.
- Nuclear Engineering Division
Neutronics and Thermo-Hydraulic Analysis of Water-Cooled Blanket Based on PWR and SCWR Water Conditions for CFETR
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Cheng, J, Wu, Y, Su, GH, Qiu, S, & Tian, W. "Neutronics and Thermo-Hydraulic Analysis of Water-Cooled Blanket Based on PWR and SCWR Water Conditions for CFETR." Proceedings of the 2016 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 2: Smart Grids, Grid Stability, and Offsite and Emergency Power; Advanced and Next Generation Reactors, Fusion Technology; Safety, Security, and Cyber Security; Codes, Standards, Conformity Assessment, Licensing, and Regulatory Issues. Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. June 26–30, 2016. V002T06A017. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE24-60392
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