An analytical method is presented to obtain all surfaces enveloping the workspace of a general n degree-of-freedom mechanism with non-unilateral constraints. The method is applicable to kinematic chains that can be modeled using the Denavit-Hartenberg representation method for serial manipulators. The method introduced in this paper is based upon analytical criteria for determining singular behavior of the mechanism. A perturbation approach is implemented to determine the interior and exterior of the workspace. The complete mathematical formulation is presented and illustrated using 3 and 4 DOF spatial manipulators. The paper present a rigorous analysis of the sub-Jacobians to determine a classification of singularities: Type I sets are position Jacobian singularities; Type II sets are instantaneous singularities that are due to a generalized joint that is reaching its apex; Type III sets are domain boundary singularities, which are associated with the initial and final values of the time interval; Type IV sets are coupled singularities, which are associated with a relative singular Jacobian, where the null space is reduced in one submatrix due to either of two occurrences: a Type II or Type III singularities. The paper presents a general formulation for determining the workspace.
- Design Engineering Division and Computers and Information in Engineering Division
Workspace Analysis and Visualization of Mechanical Manipulators With Non-Unilateral Constraints
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Yang, J, & Abdel-Malek, K. "Workspace Analysis and Visualization of Mechanical Manipulators With Non-Unilateral Constraints." Proceedings of the ASME 2005 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 7: 29th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B. Long Beach, California, USA. September 24–28, 2005. pp. 717-726. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2005-84180
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