Abstract

In this paper, numerical results are presented for heat transfer enhancement using electric field in forced convection in a horizontal channel. The electric field is generated by charging a wire electrode located at the center of the channel with direct current at a high voltage. The main objective of the present study is to verify the assumption that is commonly used in the numerical study of this kind of problems, which assumes the electric field can modify the flow field but not vice versa (i.e., the so-called one-way coupling). To this end, numerical solutions have been obtained for a wide range of governing parameters (Vo = 10, 12.5, 15 and 17.5 kV as well as ui = 0.0759 to 1.2144 m/s) using both one-way and two-way couplings. Using the two-way coupling approach, the possible modification of the electric field by the primary flow, which was previously neglected, is accounted for. The results obtained using these two approaches, in terms of the flow, temperature, and electric fields as well as the heat transfer enhancement, are thoroughly examined. In addition, their influence over the flow stability is investigated. Finally, the conclusion about the validity of the one-way coupling is reached at the end of the study.

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