This paper engages in experimental measurements on thermal radiative transfer in silica aerogel and its composite insulation materials (xonotlite-aerogel composite and ceramic fibre-aerogel composite). The samples of silica aerogel, xonotlite-type calcium silicate, and ceramic fibre insulation materials are all considered as a semi-transparent medium capable of absorbing, emitting and scattering thermal radiation. The spectral transmittances are then measured at different infrared wavelengths ranging from 2.5 to 25μm with a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), and subsequently used to determine the specific spectral extinction coefficient and the specific Rossland mean extinction coefficient of the sample. The radiative conductivities deduced from the overall thermal conductivities measured with the transient hot-strip (THS) method are compared with the predictions from the diffusion approximation by using the measured spectral extinction coefficient. The results show that the spectral extinction coefficients of the samples are strongly dependent on the wavelength, particularly in the short wavelength regime (<10μm). The total Rossland mean extinction coefficients of the samples are all decreasing with the temperature increasing. The radiative conductivities are found almost proportional to the cubic temperature, and decreases as the sample density increases.
Thermal Radiation in Silica Aerogel and its Composite Insulation Materials
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Wei, G, Liu, Y, Zhang, X, & Du, X. "Thermal Radiation in Silica Aerogel and its Composite Insulation Materials." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 10: Heat and Mass Transport Processes, Parts A and B. Denver, Colorado, USA. November 11–17, 2011. pp. 1223-1231. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2011-62632
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