This study is aimed to evaluate the effects of coated surgical needles with composite polymers such as polydopamine (PDA), polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and carbon. The coated needle’s lubrication properties were measured using 3 DOF force sensors and 3D robot system by the repetitive insertion in soft tissue materials. Needle durability is a measure of needle sharpness after repeated passage through high stiffness tissue materials. The composite coatings were shown to reduce the insertion force by ∼49% and retraction forces by ∼46% when tested using a bovine kidney. The surface roughness and the lateral friction force of the needle are measured using the Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). The adhesion energy of the different coating on the needle will be measured using a nano-scratch method.

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