Abstract

The effect of solid particle introduction on subcooled-forced flow boiling heat transfer and a critical heat flux was examined experimentally. In the experiment, glass beads of 0.6 mm diameter were mixed in subcooled water. Experiments were conducted in a range of the subcooling of 40 K, a velocity of 0.17–6.7 m/s, a volumetric particle ratio of 0–17%. When particles were introduced, the growth of a superheated liquid layer near a heat trasnsfer surface seemed to be suppressed and the onset of nucleate boiling was delayed. The particles promoted the condensation of bubbles on the heat transfer surface, which shifted the initiation of a net vapor generation to a high heat flux region. Boiling heat trasnfer was augmented by the particle introduction. The suppression of the growth of the superheated liquid layer and the promotion of bubble condensation and dissipation by the particles seemed to contribute that heat transfer augmentation. The wall superheat at the critical heat flux was elevated by the particle introduction and the critical heat flux itself was also enhanced. However, the degree of the critical heat flux improvement was not drastic.

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