Development of many industrial and new technologies is limited by existing thermal management, and need for high-performance cooling. Nanofluids, stable colloidal mixtures of nanoparticles (including nanofibers and functional nanocomposites) in common fluids, have a potential to meet these and many other challenges. Colloidal nano-mixtures with functionally-stable and active-like nanostructures that may self-adjust to the process conditions, require systematic surface-chemistry study and enhancements (coatings with functional layers, surfactants, etc), in addition to investigation of thermo-physical characteristics and phenomena. A comprehensive, systematic and interdisciplinary experimental research program is necessary to study, understand and resolve critical issues in nanofluids research to date. The research must focus on both synthesis and a careful exploration of thermo-physical characteristics. Development of new-hybrid, drag-reducing nanofluids may lead to enhanced flow and heat transfer characteristics. The nanoparticles in these fluids yield increased heat-transfer while the long-chain polymers are expected to enhance flow properties, including active and functional interactions with nanoparticles, thus providing potential for many applications yet to be developed and optimized.
Critical Issues and Application Potentials in Nanofluids Research
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Kostic, MM. "Critical Issues and Application Potentials in Nanofluids Research." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 Multifunctional Nanocomposites International Conference. Multifunctional Nanocomposites. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. September 20–22, 2006. pp. 191-199. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/MN2006-17036
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