In this work, thermophysical properties and pool boiling characteristics of water-in-polyalphaolefin (PAO) nanoemulsion fluids and their dependence on water concentration have been investigated experimentally. Water-in-PAO nanoemulsion fluids are formed via self-assembly with surfactant sodium sullfosuccinate (AOT). Thermal conductivity of the fluids is found to increase with water concentration, as expected from the Maxwell equation. However, the measured thermal conductivity increase is very moderate, e.g., a 16% increase for 8.6Vol. %. Unlike thermal conductivity, the dynamic viscosity of these nanoemulsion fluids first increases with water concentration, reaches a maximum, and then decreases. This trend could be attributed to the attractive forces among water droplets. The boiling behavior of these nanoemulsion fluids has been altered due to water nanodroplets. Adding water nanodroplets can lower the nanoemulsion’s boiling point compared to the pure PAO. Another interesting phenomenon observed is that pool boiling of nanoemulsion fluids randomly follows two different curves when the water concentration is in the range of 5.3 Vol. % to 7.8 Vol. %. The mechanism underlying this phenomenon is not understood yet, but it may be related to the evolution of microstructures in the water-in-PAO nanoemulsion fluids.
- Nanotechnology Institute
Thermophysical Properties and Pool Boiling Characteristics of Water in Polyalphaolefin Nanoemulsion Fluids
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Xu, J, & Yang, B. "Thermophysical Properties and Pool Boiling Characteristics of Water in Polyalphaolefin Nanoemulsion Fluids." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Third International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer. ASME 2012 Third International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. March 3–6, 2012. pp. 321-325. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/MNHMT2012-75232
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