Slug flow appearance in a multiphase-carrying riser with a long tie-back distance and deeper water is inevitable, depending on the operational and environmental conditions. Several state-of-the-art technologies in mitigating the effects of internal slug flows might not be completely effective or cost-efficient. In addition to the slug excitation, the external current flows can also affect the riser structural behavior and integrity by the presence of vortex-induced vibration (VIV). This study aims to investigate and understand the behavior of slug-conveying catenary riser under uniform and random slug excitations, in combination with VIV. The steady-state slugs are considered and modelled by a series of liquid and gas phases flowing at certain rates inside the riser pipe. Each slug unit consists of a slug liquid (oil, water or their mixture) and gas pocket. In the uniform slug flow cases, all slug units have their equal slug liquid lengths. Time-domain simulations are conducted for different slug units of 20D, 30D, 40D and 50D, where D is the pipe internal diameter, and for different internal flow rates. The non-uniform slug flow case is considered by randomly generating the time-varying slug liquid and unit lengths. Multi-frequency oscillations of the catenary riser are observed, triggered by the transient slug excitations rendering the fundamental vibration mode which is sustained over the ensuing steady-state slugging period. The random slug-induced vibration (SIV) entails larger response amplitudes which are critical from the fatigue life viewpoint, especially when VIV is also accounted for. For riser SIV analysis, only in-plane response is observed; nevertheless, the interaction of riser SIV and VIV generates both in-plane and out-of-plane responses with larger 3-D dynamic responses, deformations and stresses. Such combined SIV and VIV should be specially considered during the riser analysis and design by also taking into consideration the travelling random-like or intermittent slug flows.
Slug Flow-Induced Oscillation in Subsea Catenary Riser Experiencing VIV
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Safrendyo, S, & Srinil, N. "Slug Flow-Induced Oscillation in Subsea Catenary Riser Experiencing VIV." Proceedings of the ASME 2018 37th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. Volume 2: CFD and FSI. Madrid, Spain. June 17–22, 2018. V002T08A027. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/OMAE2018-77298
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