Check valves are used to minimize flow reversal. In general, the two primary design objectives of installing a check valve in a system include quick opening in forward flow and fast closure in reverse flow. The fast response requirements in both opening and closing directions are challenging. In the opening direction, the concern is to minimize forward flow resistance and, in the reverse direction, the objective is to minimize flow reversal and avoid water hammer. Check valve manufacturers have often used counterweights to permit quick opening or quick closing. The drawback of forward flow counterweight check valves is that in the flow reverse direction, the counterweights may retard valve closure. The location of the counterweight could further complicate the performance of the check valve. Misaligning the counterweight can also affect check valve performance. The use of quick closing counterweights present similar challenges. This paper examines the interaction of counterweight location and alignment on the performance of check valves.

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