The behavior of the valves of Hypercompressors on LDPE plants is challenging to predict because it depends on many factors and often the expected and macroscopic gas parameters, such as pressure, temperature and gas composition are not sufficient to properly evaluate the valve behavior in the field.
In fact valve operation is highly dependent on local phenomena such as localized pressure losses and presence of vortexes which are in turn influenced by the geometry of the valve and by its behavior.
To better understand all these phenomena it is needed to characterize these valves through experimental tests aimed at defining, with a good accuracy, the valve dimensionless parameters Cd (drag coefficient) and Ks (flow coefficient) as a function of the geometry of the valve itself.
If the coefficients Cd and Ks are not accurate, the expected behavior of the valve may be completely different from the evidence of the field and could not properly explain certain types of failure modes.
With a more accurate evaluation of Cd and Ks, some types of damage which in first hypothesis would seem caused by factors external to the valve, in reality are proven to be intrinsically related to valve design and often dependent on valve malfunctioning.
As a final step, through to a deep understanding of the valve behavior in the field an improvement of valve reliability and efficiency can be achieved through optimization of the design for various operating conditions.