In this paper, a 3-D thermo-mechanical finite element model (FEM) is developed to simulate the process of friction stir seal welding (FSSealW) of tube-tubesheet joint, using a commercial finite element (FE) package considering temperature dependent material properties. The model is used for the prediction of temperature and stress distributions, as well as the prediction of the residual stresses in the seal welded joint, including the expanded tube and surrounding ligaments. Validation of the model is achieved using experimental temperature measurements. The FEM results are found to be in good agreement with experimental ones. Temperatures of the joint material away from the processed zone are below the annealing temperature. The calculated residual stresses are found to be compressive and help to enhance the contact stress in the tube-tubesheet joint.

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