Combustion turbines are frequently used because they provide the most power in the smallest footprint and their modular design makes them an economical choice. These machines are used across all land-based industries as well as marine applications. The exhaust system must perform its basic function of conducting exhaust gases, which can be as high as 1250° F (675° C), safely away from the adjacent equipment and workers, and mitigate the exhaust noise under a wide range of requirements and conditions. In addition, new requirements limit shell temperatures and exhaust leakage to prevent fire or explosion of fuel gas that may leak from equipment (ATEX).
This paper presents a review of the analytical processes used in the development of a silencer system to achieve optimal performance metrics. These systems are typically comprised of parallel baffles for a wide range of conditions including aero-acoustical performance, system pressure and high flow rates, thermal stresses, environmental conditions (ocean, seismic and wind), flow-induced vibration, corrosion, and fatigue – design life analysis. The specific requirements of the baffle design will be discussed through a specific case study relative to typical rectilinear (parallel) baffles used in many installations, including land-based power generation plants (Figure 1), and offshore platforms (Figure 2).
This paper will discuss the analytical methods used to address these challenges via a case study. A combination of static, vibration-pulsation and dynamic structural analysis with specific attention to the seismic analysis of the parallel baffles used in skirt and structural steel supported vessels, as well as acoustical design and flow modeling techniques are used to evaluate the design options.