The cover of a cylindrical explosion containment vessel would suffer an extremely intense impact because the shock wave and blast products would converge at the cover area. To reduce the impact of shock waves to the cover, cases with aluminum foam placed at the end of the vessel and in the interior of the cylindrical portion are studied by numerical simulation and experiment. The result shows that aluminum foam located at the end of the vessel can have a great effect on the protection of the cover because it can absorb the energy of the shock wave that has spread to the end of the vessel. Aluminum foam located in the interior of the cylindrical portion would have a negative effect on the protection of the cover because it would reduce the distance between the charge and the cylindrical portion, the effect of which is more significant than the effect of energy absorption. These results can contribute to the design of cylindrical explosion containment vessels.