Based on the conventional tank container which has a cylindrical vessel, a new structure of tank container was designed to improve the carrying capacity of the tank. Fluid flow inside the new tank container under different operating conditions (liquid filling ratio K, braking deceleration a, filling medium, no baffle and with baffles) was studied. A volume-of-fluid (VOF) method and a k-epsilon (k-ε) turbulence model were used to simulate the fluid flow. Results showed that all the factors studied in this work had an influence on the tank. The maximum impact force increased with the increasing of a and K. A clear linear positive correlation was found between the maximum impact force and braking deceleration. Besides, the maximum impact force had a relationship with the density of medium. Compared with the conventional tank container, the carrying capacity of the new type tank container increases by 11.8%, which means the new type tank container has better economic benefits.