Abstract

Alloy 690, which was designed as a replacement for the Alloy 600, is widely used in the nuclear industry due to its optimum behavior to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) under nuclear reactor operating conditions. Because of this superior resistance, alloy 690 has been proposed as a candidate structural material for the Supercritical Water Reactor (SCWR), which is one of the designs of the next generation of nuclear power plants (Gen IV).

In spite of this, striking results were found [1] when alloy 690 was tested without intergranular carbides. These results showed that, contrary to expectations, the crack growth rate is lower in samples without intergranular carbides than in samples with intergranular carbides. Therefore, the role of the carbides in the corrosion behavior of Alloy 690 is not yet well understood.

Considering these observations, the aim of this work is to study the effect of intergranular carbides in the oxidation behavior (as a preliminary stage of degenerative processes SCC) of Alloy 690 in supercritical water (SCW) at two temperatures: 400 °C and 500 °C and 25 MPa. Oxide layers of selected specimens were studied by different techniques like Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES).

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