Abstract

This paper continues previous research performed by the authors on the modelling of dissimilar welded joints with varying clad thicknesses. This study aims to validate the use of a clad plate model as a replacement to the previous clad pipe model. To fulfill the hypothesis of the study, possible deformation or angular shrinkages occurring at weld joints have been simulated using a commercial finite element software. In parallel, angular shrinkages have been validated using the experimental data with the underlying concept of Gaussian transformation of plates into pipes. The welding of the two dissimilar materials has been carried out in-house with the aid of a Tungsten Arc weld with dynamic measurement of the temperature profile in the vicinity areas of the welding track using high temperature thermocouples. It was discovered that for each deformation angle of 11.5°, 22.75°, 40° and 45°, there exists shrinkage of the order of 0.01mm. Transient temperature curves have been generated for different cladding thicknesses (of stainless steel and mild steel). Comparison of the measured data versus the simulation results shows close agreement.

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