This study presents a computational investigation of tensile behavior and, in particular, necking due to material inhomogeniety of cardiovascular stent struts under conditions of tensile loading. Polycrystalline strut microstructures are modelled using crystal plasticity theory. Two different idealized morphologies are considered for three-dimensional models, with cylindrical grains and with rhombic-dodecahedron grains. Results are compared to two-dimensional models with hexagonal grains. For all cases, it is found that necking initiates at a significantly higher strain than that at UTS (ultimate tensile stress). Two-dimensional models are shown to exhibit an unrealistically high dependence of necking strain on randomly generated grain orientations. Three-dimensional models with cylindrical grains yield a significantly higher necking strain than models with rhombic-dodecahedron grains. It is shown that necking is characterized by a dramatic increase in stress triaxiality at the center of the neck. Finally, the ratios of UTS to necking stress computed in this study are found to compare well to values predicted by existing bifurcation models.
Computational Examination of the Effect of Material Inhomogeneity on the Necking of Stent Struts Under Tensile Loading
McGarry, J. P., O’Donnell, B. P., McHugh, P. E., O’Cearbhaill, E., and McMeeking, R. M. (January 17, 2007). "Computational Examination of the Effect of Material Inhomogeneity on the Necking of Stent Struts Under Tensile Loading." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. September 2007; 74(5): 978–989. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2722776
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