Anthropometric test devices (ATDs) such as the Hybrid III dummy have been widely used in automotive crash tests to evaluate the risks of injury at different body regions. In recent years, researchers have started using automotive ATDs to study the high-speed vertical loading response caused by underbody blast impacts. This study analyzed the Hybrid III dummy responses to short-duration, large magnitude vertical accelerations in a laboratory setup. Two unique test conditions were investigated using a horizontal sled system to simulate underbody blast loading conditions. The biomechanical responses in terms of pelvis acceleration, chest acceleration, lumbar spine force, head accelerations, and neck forces were measured. Subsequently, a series of finite element (FE) analyses were performed to simulate the physical tests. The correlation between the Hybrid III test and numerical model was evaluated using the correlation and analysis (cora) version 3.6.1. The score for the Wayne State University (WSU) FE model was 0.878 and 0.790 for loading conditions 1 and 2, respectively, in which 1.0 indicated a perfect correlation between the experiment and the simulated response. With repetitive vertical impacts, the Hybrid III dummy pelvis showed a significant increase in peak acceleration accompanied by a rupture of the pelvis foam and flesh. The revised WSU Hybrid III model indicated high stress concentrations at the same location, providing a possible explanation for the material failure in actual Hybrid III tests.
An Experimental and Numerical Study of Hybrid III Dummy Response to Simulated Underbody Blast Impacts
Manuscript received November 20, 2016; final manuscript received August 11, 2017; published online September 28, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Joel D. Stitzel.
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Somasundaram, K., Kalra, A., Sherman, D., Begeman, P., Yang, K. H., and Cavanaugh, J. (September 28, 2017). "An Experimental and Numerical Study of Hybrid III Dummy Response to Simulated Underbody Blast Impacts." ASME. J Biomech Eng. December 2017; 139(12): 121002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037591
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