Computational hemodynamic modeling has been widely used in cardiovascular research and healthcare. However, the reliability of model predictions is largely dependent on the uncertainties of modeling parameters and boundary conditions, which should be carefully quantified and further reduced with available measurements. In this work, we focus on propagating and reducing the uncertainty of vascular geometries within a Bayesian framework. A novel deep learning (DL)-assisted parallel Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method is presented to enable efficient Bayesian posterior sampling and geometric uncertainty reduction. A DL model is built to approximate the geometry-to-hemodynamic map, which is trained actively using online data collected from parallel MCMC chains and utilized for early rejection of unlikely proposals to facilitate convergence with less expensive full-order model evaluations. Numerical studies on two-dimensional aortic flows are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness and merit of the proposed method.