Magnetorheological (MR) fluid dampers have a semicontrollable damping force output that is dependent on the current input to the damper, as well as the relative velocity. The mechanical construction, fluid properties, and embedded electromagnet result in a dynamic damper response. This study evaluates four modeling approaches with respect to predicting the multi-input single-output behavior of an experimental MR damper when the inputs are band-limited random signals typically encountered in primary suspension applications. The first two models in this study are static in the sense that there is a unique output for any given set of inputs and no dynamics is present in either model. The third model incorporates a dynamic filter with the nonlinear model to exhibit hysteretic effects, which are known to exist in actual MR dampers. The fourth model is probabilistic and illustrates the dynamic nature of an actual MR damper. The results of this study clearly show the importance of nonlinear and dynamic effects in magnetorheological damper response. This study also highlights the importance of characterizing magnetorheological dampers using excitation signals that are representative of an actual implementation.
Comparison of Linear, Nonlinear, Hysteretic, and Probabilistic Models for Magnetorheological Fluid Dampers
Sandu, C., Southward, S., and Richards, R. (November 9, 2010). "Comparison of Linear, Nonlinear, Hysteretic, and Probabilistic Models for Magnetorheological Fluid Dampers." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. November 2010; 132(6): 061403. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4002480
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