This paper analyzes the influence of gravity segregation effects on inflow performance relationship (IPR) curves, with both totally and partially penetrated vertical wells. Using synthetic responses from a finite difference simulator, the effects of different parameters, such as vertical to radial permeability ratio, production mode, position of productive interval, oil rate, and mechanical skin, on the shape of IPR curves are documented. It is shown that greater flow potentials are obtained when the ratio of gravity to viscous forces increases. It is shown that for the case of partially penetrated wells, the IPR curve generated at constant bottomhole pressure does not coincide with the IPR generated at constant oil rate. Also, the presence of gravity segregation affects the values of absolute open flow potential, obtaining big differences with the corresponding values when gravitational effects are ignored. The values of the exponent of Fetkovich IPR and the coefficients of the quadratic equation proposed by Jones et al. are functions not only of time but also of production rate, position of productive interval, and other parameters. The consequence of the above results is that the interpretation of IPR curves is affected by the presence of gravitational effects and therefore the use of traditional methods, such as those of Vogel , Fetkovich, or Jones et al., is restricted to the specific conditions considered by these authors.
Inflow Performance Relationships Under Gravity Segregation for Solution Gas-Drive Reservoirs
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Padilla-S., R., Camacho-V., R. G., Castrejón-A., R., and Samaniego-V., F. (September 1, 2009). "Inflow Performance Relationships Under Gravity Segregation for Solution Gas-Drive Reservoirs." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2009; 131(3): 033102. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3185355
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