Geopolymers, being inorganic polymers created from rock sources, were evaluated as an alternative to Portland cement. To evaluate their usability, some properties of a selected geopolymer were measured and compared with those from a neat class G Portland cement. The geopolymeric slurries showed a non-Newtonian viscosity behavior with a measurable, albeit low, yield stress. The pumpability measurements using atmospheric and pressurized consistometer showed an adequate set profile for both the geopolymer and cement sample. Static fluid loss test shows that the geopolymeric slurries experienced a lower fluid loss compared to that of the Portland cement. The shrinkage factor for the geopolymers was reduced (expanded) as the downhole temperature was ramped up. The shrinkage of the Portland cement sample proceeded only with a lower rate. Tensile strength of the geopolymers was approximately 5% of their compressive strength; however, this value for Portland cement was approximately 10% of its compressive strength. Finally, shear bond strength of geopolymers would benefit from improvement.
Geopolymers as an Alternative for Oil Well Cementing Applications: A Review of Advantages and Concerns
Contributed by the Petroleum Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENERGY RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 17, 2017; final manuscript received May 1, 2018; published online May 29, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Daoyong (Tony) Yang.
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Khalifeh, M., Saasen, A., Hodne, H., Godøy, R., and Vrålstad, T. (May 29, 2018). "Geopolymers as an Alternative for Oil Well Cementing Applications: A Review of Advantages and Concerns." ASME. J. Energy Resour. Technol. September 2018; 140(9): 092801. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040192
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