Abstract

Humidification–dehumidification (HDH) desalination with direct contact dehumidifier system is designed and fabricated. Experimental tests are performed under various operating conditions in order to explore the influence of temperatures and mass flow rates of seawater and freshwater on system performance by utilizing non-dimensional parameters. It is shown that, for any case, there is an optimum flow rate ratio of water to air, which results in a maximum water production rate. A mathematical model is utilized to evaluate the system performance and compare the outcomes with the experimental results. In addition, the effect of feed water salinity from 0–30% on the water production rate is experimentally investigated. The results showed that the maximum achieved recovery ratio of the proposed HDH system is 5% under the working condition of seawater temperature at 73 °C with 3% salinity and cold freshwater at 28 °C. Furthermore, the system was able to produce water at nearly saturated seawater feed.

References

1.
García-Rodríguez
,
L.
,
2002
, “
Seawater Desalination Driven by Renewable Energies: A Review
,”
Desalination
,
143
(
2
), pp.
103
113
. 10.1016/S0011-9164(02)00232-1
2.
Srithar
,
K.
, and
Rajaseenivasan
,
T.
,
2018
, “
Recent Fresh Water Augmentation Techniques in Solar Still and HDH Desalination—A Review
,”
Renew. Sust. Energy Rev.
,
82
, pp.
629
644
. 10.1016/j.rser.2017.09.056
3.
Alkhulaifi
,
Y.
,
Mokheimer
,
E. M. A.
, and
AlSadah
,
J. H.
,
2018
, “
Performance Optimization of Mechanical Vapor Compression Desalination System Using a Water-Injected Twin-Screw Compressor
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
141
(
4
), p.
042008
. 10.1115/1.4042087
4.
Giwa
,
A.
,
Akther
,
N.
,
Housani
,
A. A.
,
Haris
,
S.
, and
Hasan
,
S. W.
,
2016
, “
Recent Advances in Humidification Dehumidification (HDH) Desalination Processes: Improved Designs and Productivity
,”
Renew. Sust. Energy Rev.
,
57
, pp.
929
944
. 10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.108
5.
Moumouh
,
J.
,
Tahiri
,
M.
, and
Salouhi
,
M.
,
2014
, “
Solar Thermal Energy Combined With Humidification–Dehumidification Process for Desalination Brackish Water: Technical Review
,”
Int. J. Hydrogen Energy
,
39
(
27
), pp.
15232
15237
. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.04.216
6.
Narayan
,
G. P.
,
Sharqawy
,
M. H.
,
Summers
,
E. K.
,
Lienhard
,
J. H.
,
Zubair
,
S. M.
, and
Antar
,
M. A.
,
2010
, “
The Potential of Solar-Driven Humidification–Dehumidification Desalination for Small-Scale Decentralized Water Production
,”
Renew. Sust. Energy Rev.
,
14
(
4
), pp.
1187
1201
. 10.1016/j.rser.2009.11.014
7.
Dehghani
,
S.
,
Date
,
A.
, and
Akbarzadeh
,
A.
,
2018
, “7—Humidification-Dehumidification Desalination Cycle A2—Gude, Veera Gnaneswar,”
Emerging Technologies for Sustainable Desalination Handbook
,”
Butterworth-Heinemann
,
Oxford
, pp.
227
254
.
8.
Abdel Dayem
,
A. M.
,
2014
, “
Efficient Solar Desalination System Using Humidification/Dehumidification Process
,”
ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng.
,
136
(
4
), p.
041014
. 10.1115/1.4027725
9.
Gaggioli
,
R. A.
,
El-Sayed
,
Y. M.
,
El-Nashar
,
A. M.
, and
Kamaluddin
,
B.
,
1988
, “
Second Law Efficiency and Costing Analysis of a Combined Power and Desalination Plant
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
110
(
2
), pp.
114
118
. 10.1115/1.3231364
10.
Yamalı
,
C.
, and
Solmus
,
İ
,
2008
, “
A Solar Desalination System Using Humidification–Dehumidification Process: Experimental Study and Comparison With the Theoretical Results
,”
Desalination
,
220
(
1
), pp.
538
551
. 10.1016/j.desal.2007.01.054
11.
Gude
,
V. G.
,
Nirmalakhandan
,
N.
, and
Deng
,
S.
,
2011
, “
Desalination Using Solar Energy: Towards Sustainability
,”
Energy
,
36
(
1
), pp.
78
85
. 10.1016/j.energy.2010.11.008
12.
Kabeel
,
A. E.
, and
El-Said
,
E. M. S.
,
2013
, “
A Hybrid Solar Desalination System of Air Humidification–Dehumidification and Water Flashing Evaporation: Part I. A Numerical Investigation
,”
Desalination
,
320
, pp.
56
72
. 10.1016/j.desal.2013.04.016
13.
Elminshawy
,
N. A. S.
,
Siddiqui
,
F. R.
, and
Addas
,
M. F.
,
2016
, “
Development of an Active Solar Humidification-Dehumidification (HDH) Desalination System Integrated With Geothermal Energy
,”
Energy Convers. Manage.
,
126
, pp.
608
621
. 10.1016/j.enconman.2016.08.044
14.
El-Dessouky
,
H. T. A.
,
1989
, “
Humidification-dehumidification Desalination Process Using Waste Heat From a Gas Turbine
,”
Desalination
,
71
(
1
), pp.
19
33
. 10.1016/0011-9164(89)87055-9
15.
Dehghani
,
S.
,
Date
,
A.
, and
Akbarzadeh
,
A.
,
2018
, “
Performance Analysis of a Heat Pump Driven Humidification-Dehumidification Desalination System
,”
Desalination
,
445
, pp.
95
104
. 10.1016/j.desal.2018.07.033
16.
Tariq
,
R.
,
Sheikh
,
N. A.
,
Xamán
,
J.
, and
Bassam
,
A.
,
2018
, “
An Innovative Air Saturator for Humidification-Dehumidification Desalination Application
,”
Appl. Energy
,
228
, pp.
789
807
. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.135
17.
Bharathan
,
D.
,
Parsons
,
B. K.
,
Althof
,
J. A.
, and
Institute
,
S. E. R.
,
1988
,
Direct-Contact Condensers for Open-Cycle OTEC Applications: Model Validation with Fresh Water Experiments for Structured Packings
,
Solar Energy Research Institute
.
18.
Klausner
,
J. F.
,
Li
,
Y.
,
Darwish
,
M.
, and
Mei
,
R.
,
2004
, “
Innovative Diffusion Driven Desalination Process
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
126
(
3
), pp.
219
225
. 10.1115/1.1786927
19.
Li
,
Y.
,
Klausner
,
J. F.
,
Mei
,
R.
, and
Knight
,
J.
,
2006
, “
Direct Contact Condensation in Packed Beds
,”
Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer
,
49
(
25–26
), pp.
4751
4761
. 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2006.06.013
20.
Li
,
Y.
,
Klausner
,
J. F.
, and
Mei
,
R.
,
2006
, “
Performance Characteristics of the Diffusion Driven Desalination Process
,”
Desalination
,
196
(
1
), pp.
188
209
. 10.1016/j.desal.2006.01.013
21.
Ettouney
,
H.
,
2005
, “
Design and Analysis of Humidification Dehumidification Desalination Process
,”
Desalination
,
183
(
1
), pp.
341
352
. 10.1016/j.desal.2005.03.039
22.
He
,
W. F.
,
Huang
,
L.
,
Xia
,
J. R.
,
Zhu
,
W. P.
,
Han
,
D.
, and
Wu
,
Y. K.
,
2017
, “
Parametric Analysis of a Humidification Dehumidification Desalination System Using a Direct-Contact Dehumidifier
,”
Int. J. Therm. Sci.
,
120
, pp.
31
40
. 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2017.05.027
23.
He
,
W. F.
,
Wu
,
F.
,
Wen
,
T.
,
Kong
,
Y. P.
, and
Han
,
D.
,
2018
, “
Cost Analysis of a Humidification Dehumidification Desalination System With a Packed Bed Dehumidifier
,”
Energy Convers. Manage.
,
171
, pp.
452
460
. 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.06.008
24.
Gude
,
V. G.
,
2015
, “
Energy Storage for Desalination Processes Powered by Renewable Energy and Waste Heat Sources
,”
Appl. Energy
,
137
, pp.
877
898
. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.06.061
25.
Mahmoud
,
A.
,
Fath
,
H.
, and
Ahmed
,
M.
,
2018
, “
Enhancing the Performance of a Solar Driven Hybrid Solar Still/Humidification-Dehumidification Desalination System Integrated With Solar Concentrator and Photovoltaic Panels
,”
Desalination
,
430
, pp.
165
179
. 10.1016/j.desal.2017.12.052
26.
Farahbod
,
F.
,
Mowla
,
D.
,
Jafari Nasr
,
M. R.
, and
Soltanieh
,
M.
,
2012
, “
Investigation of Solar Desalination Pond Performance Experimentally and Mathematically
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
134
(
4
), p.
041201
. 10.1115/1.4007194
27.
Farahbod
,
F.
, and
Farahmand
,
S.
,
2014
, “
Experimental Study of Solar-Powered Desalination Pond as Second Stage in Proposed Zero Discharge Desalination Process
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
136
(
3
), p.
031202
. 10.1115/1.4026915
28.
Narayan
,
G. P.
,
Sharqawy
,
M. H.
,
Lienhard V
,
J. H.
, and
Zubair
,
S. M.
,
2010
, “
Thermodynamic Analysis of Humidification Dehumidification Desalination Cycles
,”
Desalin. Water Treat.
,
16
(
1–3
), pp.
339
353
. 10.5004/dwt.2010.1078
29.
Sharqawy
,
M. H.
,
Antar
,
M. A.
,
Zubair
,
S. M.
, and
Elbashir
,
A. M.
,
2014
, “
Optimum Thermal Design of Humidification Dehumidification Desalination Systems
,”
Desalination
,
349
, pp.
10
21
. 10.1016/j.desal.2014.06.016
30.
Nawayseh
,
N. K.
,
Farid
,
M. M.
,
Omar
,
A. A.
, and
Sabirin
,
A.
,
1999
, “
Solar Desalination Based on Humidification Process—II. Computer Simulation
,”
Energy Convers. Manage.
,
40
(
13
), pp.
1441
1461
. 10.1016/S0196-8904(99)00017-5
31.
Eslamimanesh
,
A.
, and
Hatamipour
,
M. S.
,
2009
, “
Mathematical Modeling of a Direct Contact Humidification–Dehumidification Desalination Process
,”
Desalination
,
237
(
1
), pp.
296
304
. 10.1016/j.desal.2008.01.023
32.
Narayan
,
G. P.
,
Mistry
,
K. H.
,
Sharqawy
,
M. H.
,
Zubair
,
S. M.
, and
Lienhard
,
J. H.
,
2010
, “
Energy Effectiveness of Simultaneous Heat and Mass Exchange Devices
,”
Front. Heat Mass Transfer
,
1
, p.
2
. 10.5098/hmt.v1.2.3001
33.
Merkel
,
F.
,
1925
, “
Verdunstungskühlung
,”
VDI Forschungsarbeiten, 275
.
Berlin
.
34.
Jaber
,
H.
, and
Webb
,
R. L.
,
1989
, “
Design of Cooling Towers by the Effectiveness-NTU Method
,”
ASME J. Heat Transfer
,
111
(
4
), pp.
837
843
. 10.1115/1.3250794
35.
Al-Hadban
,
Y.
,
Sreekanth
,
K. J.
,
Al-Taqi
,
H.
, and
Alasseri
,
R.
,
2017
, “
Implementation of Energy Efficiency Strategies in Cooling Towers—A Techno-Economic Analysis
,”
ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
,
140
(
1
), p.
012001
. 10.1115/1.4037365
36.
Kloppers
,
J. C.
, and
Kröger
,
D. G.
,
2005
, “
A Critical Investigation Into the Heat and Mass Transfer Analysis of Counterflow wet-Cooling Towers
,”
Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer
,
48
(
3
), pp.
765
777
. 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2004.09.004
37.
Klein
,
S. A.
, and
Alvarado
,
F. L.
, “
Engineering Equation Solver Version 8.400
.” http://www.fchart.com/ees/.
38.
Date
,
A.
,
Yaakob
,
Y.
,
Date
,
A.
,
Krishnapillai
,
S.
, and
Akbarzadeh
,
A.
,
2013
, “
Heat Extraction From Non-Convective and Lower Convective Zones of the Solar Pond: A Transient Study
,”
Sol. Energy
,
97
, pp.
517
528
. 10.1016/j.solener.2013.09.013
You do not currently have access to this content.