To develop a method of controlling the deposit tube surface temperature, the rules of deposition and fouling on the fireside, and the influence factors of the surface distribution were determined through experiments and theoretical calculations. The surface temperature distribution of a clean tube was compared with that of a deposit tube. Through theoretical calculations, the influence factors of the deposit tube surface temperature were evaluated. Based on the investigation, surface temperature control technology applicable to a super- heater was proposed and the feasibility of this heater was determined. A bimodal distribution was obtained when the temperature distribution of the deposit tube was plotted as a function of the angle, whereas a unimodal distribution was obtained for the clean tube. The results revealed that the heat exchange tube surface temperature is most effectively controlled by controlling the flue gas temperature. Prior to the development of higher performance materials (compared with conventional materials), surface temperature control technology can be used to ensure that the super-heater surface temperature lies below the allowable temperature of existing super-heater materials.