The cavitating flow around the asymmetric leading edge (ALE) 15 hydrofoil is investigated through large eddy simulation with the modified Schnerr–Sauer cavitation model, which considers the effect of noncondensable gas. The statistical average velocity profiles obtained by simulation and experimentation show good agreement. The time evolution of cavity shape shows that cavity growth and separation start from the short side and spread toward the long side due to a side-entrant jet. The variation frequency of the cavity length of ALE15 hydrofoil at the long side is 163.93 Hz, and the cavitation shedding frequency at the short side is 306.67 Hz, which is about twice the value of the former. The filtered vorticity transport equation is employed to investigate the cavitation–vortex–turbulence interaction. Results indicate that vortex stretching is the major promoter of cavitation development, and vortex dilatation links vapor cavity and vortices. Baroclinic torque is noticeable at the liquid–vapor interface, and turbulent stress is related to cavitation inception. Moreover, a one-dimensional model for predicting pressure fluctuation is proposed, and results show that the model can effectively predict cavitation-induced pressure fluctuation on a hydrofoil, even on a three-dimensional ALE15 hydrofoil.
Cavitation–Vortex–Turbulence Interaction and One-Dimensional Model Prediction of Pressure for Hydrofoil ALE15 by Large Eddy Simulation
Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received January 17, 2018; final manuscript received June 2, 2018; published online June 29, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Daniel Livescu.
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Liu, M., Tan, L., and Cao, S. (June 29, 2018). "Cavitation–Vortex–Turbulence Interaction and One-Dimensional Model Prediction of Pressure for Hydrofoil ALE15 by Large Eddy Simulation." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. February 2019; 141(2): 021103. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040502
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