Nondestructive eddy current methods were used to evaluate the electrical conductivity behavior of silicon-carbide particulate (SiCp) reinforced aluminum (Al) metal-matrix composite extrusions. The composites investigated included 2124, 6061, and 7091 Al base alloys reinforced by SiCp. The composite extrusions exhibited anisotropic conductivities with the maximum conductivity occurring along the extrusion plane. Microstructural characterization showed that the observed anisotropic conductivities could result from the preferred orientation distribution of SiCp. A theoretical model was formulated to quantify the influence of composite constituents (SiCp, intermetallics, and Al base alloy) on the anisotropic conductivities of the composites. The theoretical predictions of conductivities were found to be in good agreement with the experimental results.

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