Contemporary tools for experimentation and computational modeling of unsteady and reacting flow open new opportunities for engineering insight into dynamic phenomena. In this article, we describe a novel use of proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) for validation of the unsteady heat release of a turbulent premixed flame stabilized by a vee-gutter bluff-body. Large-eddy simulations were conducted for the same geometry and flow conditions as examined in an experimental rig with chemiluminescence measurements obtained with a high-speed camera. In addition to comparing the experiment to the simulation using traditional time-averaging and pointwise statistical techniques, the dynamic modes of each are isolated using proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and then compared mode-by-mode against each other. The results show good overall agreement between the shapes and magnitudes of the first modes of the measured and simulated data. A numerical study of into the effects of various simulation parameters on these heat release modes showed significant effects on the flame's effective angle but also on the size, shape, and symmetry patterns of the flame's dynamic modes.
Simulating Bluff-Body Flameholders: On the Use of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Combustion Dynamics Validation
Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received March 12, 2014; final manuscript received March 25, 2014; published online July 2, 2014. Editor: David Wisler.
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Blanchard, R., Wickersham, A. J., Ma, L., Ng, W., and Vandsburger, U. (July 2, 2014). "Simulating Bluff-Body Flameholders: On the Use of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Combustion Dynamics Validation." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. December 2014; 136(12): 121504. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4027558
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