Abstract

In order to measure the effective diffusion coefficient D of Bevacizumab (Avastin, Genentech) in the vitreous humor, a new technique is developed based on the “contour method” and in vivo optical coherence tomography measurements. After injection of Bevacizumab-fluorescein conjugated compound solution into the rabbit eye, the contours of drug concentration distribution at the subsurface of injection were tracked over time. The 2D contours were extrapolated to 3D contours using reasonable assumptions and a numerically integrated analytical model was developed for the theoretical contours for the irregularly shaped drug distribution in the experimental result. By floating the diffusion coefficient, different theoretical contours were constructed and the least-squares best fit to the experimental contours was performed at each time point to get the best fit solution. The approach generated consistent diffusion coefficient values based on the experiments on four rabbit eyes over a period of 3 h each, which gave D=1.2±0.6×106cm2/s, and the corresponding theoretical contours matched well with the experimental contours. The quantitative measurement of concentration using optical coherence tomography and fluorescein labeling gives a new approach for the “noncontact” in vivo drug distribution measurement within vitreous.

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