An experimental study was conducted to determine the effect of elastic properties, geometric variations, and lubrication on roller chain load distribution. Comparison was made with the theoretical results for a test chain on a 20-tooth sprocket. The load distribution was found for a large number of cases to be independent of the elastic properties of the chain and the sprocket. The load distribution for the chain on a driver sprocket differed from that for a chain on a driven sprocket because of the change in direction of the friction force. Lubrication had no noticeable effect. A large pitch for the sprocket teeth was found to amplify the tension in the chain link.

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