The feasibility of utilizing focused ultrasonic waves for the nondestructive evaluation of porosity content in curved corner sections of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) laminate structures is investigated numerically as well as experimentally. For this purpose, two-dimensional (2D) finite element simulations are carried out to clarify the wave propagation behavior and the reflection characteristics when the nonfocused or focused ultrasonic wave impinges on the corner section of unidirectional and quasi-isotropic CFRP laminates from the inner side via water. The corresponding reflection measurements are carried out for the CFRP corner specimens in the pulse-echo mode using nonfocusing, point-focusing, and line-focusing transducers. The numerical simulations and the experiments show that the use of focused ultrasonic waves is effective in obtaining clearly distinguishable surface and bottom echoes from the curved corner section of CFRP laminates. The influence of the porosity content on the reflection waveforms obtained with different types of transducers is demonstrated experimentally. The experimental results indicate that the porosity content of the CFRP corner section can be evaluated based on the amplitude ratio of the surface and bottom echoes obtained with focusing transducers, if the calibration relation is appropriately established for different ply stacking sequences.
Nondestructive Evaluation of Porosity Content in the Curved Corner Section of Composite Laminates Using Focused Ultrasonic Waves
Graduate School of Engineering,
Kyoto 615-8540, Japan
Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.,
Kakamigahara 504-8710, Gifu, Japan
Manuscript received June 22, 2017; final manuscript received August 4, 2017; published online September 29, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Yuris Dzenis.
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Okahara, T., Biwa, S., and Kuraishi, A. (September 29, 2017). "Nondestructive Evaluation of Porosity Content in the Curved Corner Section of Composite Laminates Using Focused Ultrasonic Waves." ASME. ASME J Nondestructive Evaluation. February 2018; 1(1): 011009–011009–6. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037546
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