The procedure for making crack starter weld deposit on drop-weight test (DWT) specimens was altered from two passes to one pass in about 1990. The effects of some parameters of crack starter weld process on drop-weight test results were studied. Results of this study indicated that length of overlap of the second pass and height of crack starter beads were most effective on nil-ductility temperature (TNDT). When overlap length and bead height of two-pass deposit were small enough, TNDT obtained by two-pass deposit became lower than one-pass TNDT, the discrepancy being by as much as 25°C. TNDT values for 24 Japanese steels were determined using two different DWT methods, one-pass deposit and two-pass deposit having small overlap length and bead height. The difference of TNDT depending on DWT method could be seen only for high-toughness low-alloy steel base metals. For other materials (i.e., low-to-medium-toughness low-alloy steel base metals, weld metals, and high-toughness carbon steels), TNDTS by two-pass and one-pass deposits were essentially the same. For lower-toughness steels, TNDT was frequently lower than the temperature of vTcv − 33°C), and thus, the reference nil-ductility temperature RTNDT was determined from Charpy impact test results. These results can be taken as a way of interpreting the past toughness evaluations made for operating plants using the two-pass TNDT.
Effects of Crack Starter Bead Preparation in Drop-Weight Test on Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature
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Higuchi, M., Yamauchi, T., Tanaka, Y., and Iida, K. (May 1, 1999). "Effects of Crack Starter Bead Preparation in Drop-Weight Test on Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. May 1999; 121(2): 196–202. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2883686
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