The bottom plate of aboveground oil storage tanks can bulge, separating from the foundation due to welding deformation. When such a bulge is subjected to liquid pressure, it deforms continuously to make contact with the foundation from the edge, and the remaining area of the bulge decreases with increasing liquid pressure. As a result, the deformation is extremely localized and plastic strain occurs at the bulge. This paper presents a plane strain finite element analysis for the evaluation of localized bottom bulges in aboveground oil storage tanks. Load-incremental, elastic-plastic large deformation analysis is carried out considering the bottom plate contact with the foundation. The relationship of the plastic strain at the bulged bottom plate to the liquid pressure is discussed together with the deformation of the bulge. As a result, the bottom plate thickness has a significant effect on the deformation, but the bulged height does not. After the bulged center makes contact with the foundation, the stress and strain do not increase with increasing liquid pressure. In addition, the permissible bulged profile specified by API Standard 653 elastically deforms to make contact with the foundation under low liquid pressure.
Behavior of Localized Bottom Bulge in Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks Under Liquid Pressure
Contributed by the Pressure Vessels and Piping Division and presented at the Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, August 1–5, 1999, of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received by the PVP Division, June 28, 2000, revised manuscript received August 31, 2001. Associate Editor: C. E. Jaske.
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Yoshida, S. (August 31, 2001). "Behavior of Localized Bottom Bulge in Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks Under Liquid Pressure ." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2002; 124(1): 59–65. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1426406
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