This study aims to propose the damage model based on of the mechanism for ductile fracture related to void growth and to confirm the applicability of the proposed model to ductile crack growth simulation for steel. To figure out void growth behavior, elastoplastic finite element analyses using a unit cell model with an initial void were methodically performed. From the results of those analyses, it was evident that the relationships between normalized void volume fraction and normalized strain by each critical value corresponding to crack initiation were independent of stress–strain relationship of material and stress triaxiality state. Based on this characteristic associated with void growth, damage evolution law was derived. Then, using the damage evolution law, simple and phenomenological ductile damage model reflecting void growth behavior and ductility of material was proposed. To confirm the validation and application of the proposed damage model, the damage model was implemented in finite element models and ductile crack growth resistance was simulated for cracked components were performed. Then, the simulated results were compared with experimental ones and it was found that the proposed damage model could accurately predict ductile crack growth resistance and applied to ductile crack growth simulation.