Abstract

The Human Error Probabilities (HEP) can be estimated using multipliers that correspond to the level of Performance Shaping Factors (PSFs) in the Human Reliability Analysis (HRA). This paper focuses on the adjustment of multipliers through Bayesian inference based on Monte Carlo techniques using the experimental results from simulators. Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and Bayesian Monte Carlo (BMC) are used as Bayesian inference methods based on Monte Carlo techniques. MCMC is utilized to obtain the posterior distribution of the multipliers. BMC is used for the estimation of the moments of the posterior distribution such as the mean and variance. The results obtained by MCMC and that by BMC well agree with the reference results. As a case study, the data assimilation was performed using the results of the simulator experiment of Halden reactor. The results show that the multiplier changes by the result of a particular scenario and HEP of another scenario that uses the same multiplier also changes by data assimilation. Also, in the case study, the correlation between multipliers is obtained by the data assimilation and the correlation contributes to the reduction of uncertainty of HEP.

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