The effective radius is a very important factor in determining frictional torque under the bolt head and nut in bolted joints. Since the effective radius is hard to be precisely determined in practice, the mean radius, which is the mean value of the inner and outer radii of the contact area under the bolt head and nut, is used. In this paper, contact mechanics analysis is used to determine the real contact pressure distribution between the bolt head and nut and the joint surface. Based on the pressure distribution, the effective radius can be precisely calculated. The effect of the surface roughness, underhead load distribution, underhead load value, and the ratio of the maximum to minimum contact radii are investigated. The results are compared with the result from theoretical formulas and the value of mean radius. These data will be very useful in enhancing the reliability and safety of bolted joints.
Contact Mechanics Approach to Determine Effective Radius in Bolted Joints
Manuscript received February 25, 2004; revision received July 19, 2004. Review conducted by: M. Lovell.
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Zou , Q., Sun , T. S., Nassar , S., Barber , G. C., El-Khiamy, H., and Zhu, D. (February 7, 2005). "Contact Mechanics Approach to Determine Effective Radius in Bolted Joints ." ASME. J. Tribol. January 2005; 127(1): 30–36. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1829717
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